Permanent Placement (PP) services are meant to ensure that children from families where there has been neglect or abuse can grow up in a permanent, safe, and secure living arrangement. When parents fail to successfully reunify with their children within the mandated time frames, the Social Worker is required to develop an alternative permanent living arrangement for the children. Federal policy prefers adoption as a first alternative option. If adoption is not possible, legal guardianship, preferably with a relative, is the second favored choice. If, these options are not available, children may continue in Foster Care with annual permanency reviews until their 18th birthday when they “age out” of the Child Welfare System, although the deadline can be extended for a year to allow a youth to complete high school.